KOLT Classroom Response Systems (Clickers)

Classroom Response Systems, also known as “clickers” are used to facilitate interactive learning in the classroom. In clicker systems, each student uses an individual remote control to respond to questions posed by the instructor in the lecture. The responses appear immediately on the instructor’s computer and can be displayed to the students. If a clicker is registered to a student, then the instructor has the option of tracking student responses and assigning students credit for participation.

KOLT has 6 sets of 32 CPS Pulse clickers. Instructors can request clicker systems to use in their classes without requiring students to buy them.

To request a clicker system, please contact Educational Technologists.


Additional Resources

  • Bruff, K. (2009). Teaching with classroom response systems: Creating active learning environments. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Caldwell, J.E. (2007). Clickers in the classroom: Current research and best-practice tips. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 6, 9-20.
  • Knight, J.K. & Wood, W.B. (2005). Teaching more by lecturing less. Cell Biology Education, 4, 298-310.
  • Mazur, E. (1997). Peer instruction: A user’s manual. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

By Discipline

Biological Sciences:
  • Woelk, K. (2008). Optimizing the use of personal response devices (clickers) in large-enrollment introductory courses. Journal of Chemical Education, 85(10), 1400-1405.
Computer Science:
  • Fan, K.-Y. D., & van Blink, C. D. (2006). A comparison and evaluation of personal response systems in introductory computer programming. Paper presented at the American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Martyn, M. (2007). Clickers in the classroom: An active learning approach. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 30(2), 71-74.
  • Freeman, M., Blayney, P. & Ginns, P. (2006). Anonymity and in class learning: The case for electronic response systems. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 22(4), 568-580.
  • Boyle, J. (2003). Using classroom communication systems to support interaction and discussion in large class settings. Association for Learning Technology Journal, 11(3), 43-57.
  • Bode, M., Drane, D., Kolikant, Y. B., Schuller, M. (2009). A clicker approach to teaching calculus. Notices of the American Mathematical Society, 56(2), 253-256.
  • Lomen, D. O., & Robinson, M. K. (2004). Using ConcepTests in single and multivariable calculus. Paper presented at the 16th Annual International Conference on Technology in Collegiate Mathematics, Chicago, IL.
  • Immerwahr, J. (2009). Engaging the “thumb generation” with clickers. Teaching Philosophy, 32(3), 233-245
  • Dufresne, R. J., & Gerace, W. J. (2004). Assessing-to-learn: Formative assessment in physics instruction. The Physics Teacher, 42, 428-433.